The challenge from terrorism in the Nordic countries: An analysis of citizens reactions, policy responses and legitimacy

Project Department: Uni Research Rokkan Centre (group: Health and Welfare ) period: 01.04.18 - 31.03.21

About the project

This project will examine democratic resilience in the Nordic democracies. In several respects, the Nordic countries stand out from the rest of the western democracies. Traditionally, they have been small states with a homogenous population, geographically placed on the fringe of the European continent. 

The post WWII-era has been characterized by a durable consensus over values such as equality and a strong state-supported social safety net. No other region has typified the universal welfare state more distinctly than the Nordic countries. Nowhere else are residents more trustful than in these countries. 

This combination of trustfulness and consensus has allowed the Nordic states to embrace democracy and civil liberties even in the face of terrorism. Whereas President Bush after 9/11 declared war on terror, the Norwegian Prime Minister Stoltenberg after the 2011 terrorist attacks declared that the response would be more openness and more democracy.

An important research question is to what degree democratic states are resilient as democracies against the challenge of terrorism. Thus, to what degree are democratic states resilient in the sense that they are capable of sustaining freedom and civil rights when terrorism appears to threaten the safety of their citizens?

Client: Nordforsk

Collaborating institutions: University on Iceland, University of Gothenburg, University of Bergen and Digsscore

cp: 2019-09-19 06:17:06