GLACINDIA - Water Related Effects of Changes in Glacier Mass Balance and River Runoff inWestern Himalaya, India: Past, Present and Future

Project Department: Uni Research Climate (group: Climate Variability) period: 01.10.13 - 30.09.16

About the project

Water Related Effects of Changes in Glacier Mass Balance and River Runoff inWestern Himalaya, India: Past, Present and Future (GLACINDIA)

GLACINDIA promotes and expands ongoing collaboration between Indian and Norwegian scientists, strengthens already established research activities between the partners, and makes significant scientific contributions and added value to these on-going activities. Effective and targeted dissemination of the results to governmental agencies, stakeholders and the general public is highly prioritized. The project includes: (a) Integrated research utilizing field data and regional climate modelling on Indian glaciers and hydrological systems (b) arranging exchange visits (field trips and conferences/workshops/meetings) of Indian and Norwegian scientists to the counterpart country, (c), funding of 2 post docs, and training of young scientists (knowledge transfer). The main goal of GLACINDIA is to provide a science-based framework for integrated cryospheric research needed to fill the most critical knowledge gaps related to glacier mass balance and river runoff in the Indian part of the Himalayas.

GLACINDIA extends an existing partnership between Norway and India (TERI and Bjerknes Centre collaborative projects funded through: Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and RCN)  to target glacier studies with new collaborators: in Norway, India, United States, Germany, and France.The main goal of GLACINDIA is to provide a science-based framework for integrated cryospheric research needed to fill the most critical knowledge gaps related to glacier mass balance and river runoff in the Indian part of the Himalayas.

Background and status of knowledge

The Himalayan glaciers are surrounded by densely populated countries that are strongly dependent on water originating in the Himalayas (e.g. Immerzeel et al. 2010). While our knowledge of recent trends in glacier mass balance of the Himalayan glaciers and their contribution to regional water supplies is limited (Bolch et al. 2012), there are indications of a general shrinking of the glaciers in Himalaya. However, there are also indications of large spatial variations in the changes and only few glaciers have been monitored over long periods.

Himalayan glaciers are in general very difficult to access due to the rough and high elevation terrain and harsh climate.Another complicating factor is the debris cover over large parts of the lower ablation area of many glaciers. To find a suitable glacier for in situ monitoring of mass balance is therefore not straightforward. One of the project participants, Prof. AL. Ramanathan at Jawa-harlal Nehru University, New Dehli, has been involved in massbalance measurements since 2002 (Ramanathan 2011), when a long-term monitoring programme was started on ChhotaShigri Glacier (32.28 N, 77.58 E; 15.7km2, 6263–4050 m a.s.l., 9 km long) located in Lahaul and Spiti Valley, Himachal Pradesh.

 

 

GLACINDIA workshop is on April 2015: 

For more information: http://www.climate-service-center.de/science/projects/detail/062852/index.php.en

cp: 2019-12-04 11:17:13