The main results, published in JAMA in August 2017, indicated that improvisational music therapy did not reduce autism symptoms more than enhanced standard care.
However, positive effects of music therapy were found in subscales and additional post-hoc analyses.
Furthermore, music therapy was well accepted by parents, children, and staff; parents reported their children’s enjoyment and benefit from improvisational music therapy; and parents reported their own involvement in music therapy as positive.
The study report received considerable media attention on CNN and other mass media, bringing recognition of music therapy and autism as important research areas. See comments on the coverage from the Principal Investigator (pdf) .
Several spin-off projects have developed from TIME-A and will help to further understand and improve music therapy for children with ASD.