Prosjektleder: Professor Kjell Erik Lommerud, Universitetet i Bergen
Prosjektet finansieres av Norges forskningsråd
The unifying theme of this project is the flow of services within the extended family (child care and eldercare) and the interrelation between such family-provided services and the service production within the boundaries of the welfare state. This is important for the possibility to finance a welfare state with an ageing population, but also for life satisfaction, labor market attachment and gender equality both for older and younger generations. Family geography, how the proximity of various members of the extended family influences the flow of family service production, will be given due attention.
We will throughout use Norwegian register-based panel data of extraordinary quality. Our aim is to pinpoint causal effects, not only correlations, and such panel data can be better suited for this than for example survey data.
Register data allow us to use very large sample sizes, so it becomes possible to study if effects are different for different subgroups, for example as concerns social background or region of origin.
Panel data also allow reserachers to follow individuals over time, to map their geographic mobility history, their career development, and the formation and dissolution of marriages. The disadvantage of register data is that information on informal care seldom is availbale, so proxies must be used.
We are interested in studying the consequences of informal care and help both from adult children to their frail parents and from grandparents to young families with dependent children. We organize our research in five subprojects. They are titled as follows:
1. Family vs welfare state care of the elderly.
2. Care of grandchildren.
3. Lone parents and grandparental resources.
4. Power couples and family proximity.
5. Gender gap in sick leave and intergenerational links.